Do you have questions about neuropathy? As you might now, peripheral neuropathy is the most common type of nerve pain. It affects extremities such as legs, feet, arms, hands, joints, and skin. This type of neuropathy is prevalent because the body has so many peripheral nerves. The only parts of your body that don’t have them are your central nervous system and the brain. As a result, they are more prone to damage than you think. In order to understand peripheral neuropathy, you should first know what causes it. Read on to comprehend these causes.
Physical trauma – There are many accidents that could cause a severe physical injury or trauma. It could be a vehicle accident, a fall from a high place, or perhaps an injury sustained when playing a given sport. In some cases, a surgical process could cause partial or total damage to the nerves. Due to an accident, the nerves could get stretched, constricted, cut off or crushed. If they become detached from the spinal cord, then that’s a total damage. In case you sustain an injury that breaks or dislocates your bones, this could strain the surrounding nerves.
Repetitive stress injuries – There are activities that lead to a repetitive stress injury. These activities cause a cumulative damage because of their forceful nature. They require movement of joints over a longer period of time. This results to irritation of the tendons, joints, muscles and ligaments. Nerves pass through thin passageways that get constricted due to inflammation and swelling. As a result, carpal tunnel syndrome results. Ulnar neuropathy is the kind of nerve damage that results when nerves at your wrist or elbows become trapped.
Autoimmune diseases and disorders – There are several disorders and diseases that could trigger peripheral neuropathy. One of these is autoimmune diseases like lupus, rheumatoid arthritis and Sjogren’s syndrome. These diseases occur when the areas they affect become irritated and inflamed. This inflammation may spread into the surrounding nerve fibers. Eventually, an autoimmune disease might damage joints, organs and connective tissues. This would only make the nerve fibers more susceptible to getting compressed and trapped. Guillain-Barre Syndrome is one of the worst neuropathies that could ruin sensory, motor and autonomic nerve fibers.
Viral and bacterial infections – There is a wide range of viral and bacterial infections that could cause peripheral neuropathy. Viruses are known to damage sensory nerves, causing severe and sharp pain. Good examples of viruses that damage nerves include the shingles virus (herpes varicellazoster), HPV, HIV, Epstein-Barr virus and cytomegalovirus. Bacterial infections include diphtheria, leprosy and Lyme disease. Bacteria and viruses cause inflammation that result to different types of inflammatory neuropathies.
Cancer – Everyone cringes at the mention of the word cancer. It is a deadly and painful disease. Among the horrible things cancers do to the body is nerve damage. They may damage nerve fibers by exerting damaging forces on them. Statistics show that thirty to forty percent of patients who undergo chemotherapy get some form of peripheral nerve damage. This is called Chemotherapyinduced peripheral neuropathy or CIPN. The only way to get relief is to stop the treatment temporarily or to reduce the dose. If you want to ask more questions about neuropathy and cancer, read Neuropathy Relief Guide online.
Toxicity – This is another common cause of peripheral neuropathy. Medicines are one source of toxins that cause nerve damage. Good examples are the drugs used to treat HIV & AIDS. Peripheral neuropathy occurs as a side effect. Others include heart medicines, blood pressure medications, anticonvulsants and cancer drugs. Other types of toxins emerge from industrial waste. These include heavy metals like lead and mercury, insecticides and solvents. If they find their way to our bodies, they increase toxicity that the liver might fail to dilute and eliminate. Alcohol is a huge cause of peripheral neuropathy. When one drinks a lot of alcohol often, it might cause irreversible nerve damage.